PilotPhotog Podcast

A history of the Fighter Plane 100 years in 10 minutes

August 11, 2021 PilotPhotog
PilotPhotog Podcast
A history of the Fighter Plane 100 years in 10 minutes
Show Notes Transcript

Covering over 100 years of the fighter in 10 minutes, we will take a look at the evolution of the fighter plane.  From canvas and wood biplanes to supercomputer equipped composite stealth fighters.


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You're listening to the PilotPhotog Podcast. I'm your host, Juan also known as tog. Let's take, take a look at

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The evolution of the fighter plane from the spot 13 to the to the Raptor. World war one for air to air combat between aircraft began, the airplane had begun to show its potential over 100 years ago. In 1914, during the early days of world war one in this small industrial towns of Mons and Belgium army station, there was being encircled by German forces. This maneuver of German troops was discovered as a result of aerial reconnaissance that was being performed by British aircraft as a result, the British army withdrew to a better position. And we saved from being encircled and potentially wiped out. The newly invented airplane had proven its value and warfare naturally once the role that aircraft played and information gathering was by both sides says, began to be taken to neutralize.

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The enemy's advantage early it's involved pilots shooting at each other with pistils and sometimes rifles that they or their observer crewman would carry. Interestingly, there is at least one account of a pilot throwing an empty revolver at an enemy airplanes, propellor, and, and attempt to bring it down. Unsurprisingly, the throw missed and more effective and accurate and was needed

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In April of 1915, French pilot

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Roland Garros took off in an airplane, armed with a machine gun that fired through the propeller, the propeller steel blades mounted on it to protect it from bullets that might have struck it as a machine

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And then was fired on Garrison's first flight. He down to reconnaissance plane and the fighter aircraft had been born throughout the rest of the war. We five minutes continued

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When we made two fighter aircraft, including machines that were synchronized with a propellor to avoid shooting the prob and defensive turrets and observation aircraft

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Bombers. There were many amazing

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Personalities and figures that emerged during this time to earn the title. A fighter pilot had to shoot down five or more enemy

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Fighters. Deleting American ACE of the war was captain Eddie Rickenbacker, who flew with

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The first pursuit group with the 94th Aero

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Squadron initially fly a new

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Port 28 and then later a spot 13. He would end the war with 26 aerial victories in the 21 years between world wars one and two, the mostly fabric and would buy planes were gradually being replaced with metal model

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Planes, which had liquid cooled engines as a result

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Range and altitude had doubled in Tufts speeds had tripled the fighter plane was primed to play its biggest

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Role yet world war two, if there was ever any

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Doubt to the effectiveness and necessity of air power, world war II, summited the fighter planes

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Legacy during the opening phases of the war. Germany

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Achieved many studying victories by using a combined arms approach of mass armor formations and tactical strikes with aircraft in the early stages of the war, the Luftwaffe was fighters' and attack planes were on par or better than their contemporaries. They phased and its pilots were generally

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Better trained in the world's first

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Military campaign to take place. And the air, the battle of Britain proved to be a turning point. The war Hitler wanted to invade the UK, but needed to eliminate the Royal air force. First daily ways of German bombers and fighters fill the English countryside, the stalwart RF defenders in their hurricane's and Spitfires repelled. The invaders leading Winston Churchill to

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Famously say never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few referring to the fighter pilots and crews of the RAF as the war progressed strategic

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And became more effective along with anterior defense's and fighter

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Interceptors to counter this, the

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Allies continuously developed long-range fighter escorts culminating, and the P 51

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Mustang. The Mustang could have scored

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Allied bombers all the way to targets over Germany and back providing full-time escort duties to the level bombers Hermann Goring Supreme commander of the Luftwaffe had said

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When I saw most things over Berlin, I knew the war was lost over in

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The Pacific theater. Naval aviation came into its

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Own beginning with the battle of midway, which was the

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First battle where enemy ships did not fire directly on each other. Instead carrier air wings traded blows with us Navy aircraft sinking for carriers to the loss of one. The battle would prove to be unrecoverable for the Japanese Imperial

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Navy and fighter such as the

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Corsair and Hellcat accounted for hundreds of Japanese aircraft destroyed

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The jet age towards the end

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Of world war two, a key advancement in combat

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Aircraft appeared the jet engine,

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Which tremendously increased the speed of fighters. Following the war in 1947, the sound barrier was broken by Chuck Yeager and the one ushering in a new era of flight

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Korean war. The outbreak

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War in Korea is still saw many piston engine propeller driven fighters, such as the Mustang, C5 Corsair and see fewer, you know,

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And combat as the war progressed. However, just became more common in dominant with epic battles between

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Fad six Sabres and make 15 and a contested airspace, which became known as MIG alley up until and including the Korean war machine guns were their primary weapon in air to air combat with MIG fifteens utilizing duel 23 millimeter machine guns and a 37 millimeter cannon. By contrast, the fad six made use of six 50 caliber machine guns, the same weapons that were used in the P 51 Mustang. And while the MIGS guns were larger caliber, they carried few around and did not have the radar range and guns. I used on the fad

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Six. Interestingly, the

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Korean war was the first time G suits where you are used

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Mainly by us pilots, missile theory towards the end of the

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Korean war. And in the years following a new weapon system became viable, which would revolutionize warfare

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The air to air missile, high speeds, and much longer range and conventional guns. And the missile is seen as a future of air combat. This school of thought became known as the missile theory and gained such a

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Following that the United States began to introduce new fighters without

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Any guns, most famously and the F four fandom Vietnam war, as you know, U

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S became embroiled in the Vietnam war, tactical aircraft were assigned strike mission's and sometimes heavily defended positions, fast moving fighter, such as the <inaudible>. We are heavily with bombs and vulnerable to north Vietnamese fighters, which would ambush them on the way to their

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Targets. The air force was shocked

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When the advanced 1 0 5 was being shot down by the obsolete, but agile MIG 17 dogfighting was supposed to be a thing of the past, but the Vietnam war proved that maneuverability was still needed in a fighter and four Phantoms B and escorting the <inaudible> and Colonel Robin olds famously set up a trap

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For the MIGS and an operation that was codenamed BOLO holds the skies,

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This flight of F forced to appear as bomb late and <inaudible> and shut down about half of north Vietnam's make 20 ones and, and afternoon Colonel olds was a world war II pilot and operation BOLO helped make the case for a reinvestment in dog fighting tactics, this spot and the Navy's top gun and emphasize tactics being taught at the air force, his fighter weapon

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School based on findings

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And lessons learned from the Vietnam war, the Navy and the air force develop their evolution of the F

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Four Phantom, the a 14 Tomcat

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For the Navy and the F 15 Eagle for the air force, both were fast, high flying agile fighters, equipped

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With guns, however, while extremely

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Effective and ahead of their time, both the Eagle and the Tom cat were expensive to operate. And during this time, and you movement begin to take shape and the air force Colonel John Boyd and mathematician, Thomas Christie developed a theory known as energy

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Maneuverability, which quantified an aircraft performance. This theory allowed designers

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To predict aircraft capability's and design trade-offs in the late 1960s, Boyd assembled a group of like-minded military and civilian thought leaders. And this new group became known as the fighter

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Mafia. This fighter mafia

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Group initiated a technology evaluation program, which became known as the lightweight fighter program or LWF the LWF proposed an inexpensive, lightweight aircraft that could maneuver with minimum possible energy loss. Along with it increased thrust

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To weight ratio. The fighter

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Mafia was credited with some influence and the developers. I don't know if you have 15 and heavily influencing the F 16 and 18, the F 16 Viper AKA fighting Falcon was designed for nine G maneuvers on full internal fuel. And as the aircraft evolved from just a day air

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To air fighter to a true multi-role aircraft, this proved to be extremely useful. The FET and horny

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We grew out of the F sixteens competitor, the Y of 17, the horn. It became a carrier based version of the Y have 17 and was tasked with both air to air and air to ground rolls from its inception. These new fighters would all play significant roles during the cold war. And especially during the Gulf war

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Gulf war in 1991, the Gulf war served

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To re-emphasize the power of air superiority to the world. Coalition aircraft consisting of tomcats, Hornets, Eagles, Vipers tornado's, and other aircraft quickly dominated the skies over Iraq and helped to attack aircraft such as eight, 10 warthog, and 8 64 Apachi and other aircraft quickly dominated the skies over Iraq and helped attack aircraft such as the ATN warthog and H 64 Apache strike ground targets without worry of being intercepted by enemy aircraft. This unopposed use of air power destroyed most of Saddam Hussein's army before

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It could fight and greatly short. And the conflict the Gulf war was also

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The first time the world saw the newest evolution of air warfare. The F1 17 Nighthawk performed the initial strikes on Iraqi

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Air defenses clearing the way for conventional fighter's and bombers. This successful use of stealth was nothing short of revolutionary and became the

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Feature that all modern fighters would need to implement at least

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In part modern era in 1991 to present lessons from the Gulf

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War and the use of the F1 17 led directly to the first fifth generation style

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Fighter, the F 22 Raptor in a world with ever improving sensor's and air defenses. The ability to

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Remain undetected while tracking and engaging targets is crucial. The Raptor is truly a technological Marvel maintaining all of the maneuverability of fighters like the Eagle while also being able to super cruise and having a full self profile introduced in 2005. The Raptor is still the fighter by which all other fighters are compared. The 35 is also, and also

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A fighter, but was designed to implement

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An air-to-ground component from its inception today. One of the squadrons which operates the F 22 is the first fighter wing, which traces its roots to world war one's

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First pursuit group and contains the 94th fighter squadron. The 94th

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Is one of the oldest fighter squadrons in the U S air force. The same squadron that Eddie Rickenbacker flew in over 100 years ago, the 94th and 22 Raptor carry a proud legacy of fighter aircraft and pilots,

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And are the tip of the spear in it's over 100 year history, the fighter plane has

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Evolved from what and fabric biplanes to the composite supercomputer equips felt fighters of today. One thing that has remained unchanged is the aggressive tactics employed by its pilot's and the spirit of

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The fighter plane. What do you think is you have 22, still the king of the skies. What will the evolution of the fighter plane be and the next 100 years. Thanks for listening.

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If you enjoyed this episode, be sure to subscribe to this podcast. So you don't miss any future episodes. You can also check out my YouTube channel. I'll leave the link in the show notes below. And lastly, you can find me on any social media platform

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At PilotPhotog be well,

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Stay safe and see you next time.